Guatemala

Antonio Tomás

Espresso

Antonio's washed Caturra and Bourbon is a beautiful representation of the coffee of Huehuetenango; red apple, and dried citrus are layered over sweet notes of candied almond.

Order by Monday noon for Wednesday local delivery/shipment or Wednesday noon for Saturday local delivery/ shipment.

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Antonio Tomás

Specs

Farm             Buena Vista Los Duraznales

Region         Huehuetenango, Guatemala

Varieties     Caturra & Bourbon

Process         Washed

Altitude         1550 masl

Story

Antonio Tomás

Antonio Tomás own and operates his own farm, Buena Vista Los Duraznales in San Antonio Huista, Huehetenango Guatemala at 1550 masl. Antonio has begun to move towards more organic farm management, decomposing coffee pulp to create nutrient-rich compost for his soils. He also chooses to purchase organic fertilizers and manually cuts back herbs and weeds using a machete instead of opting for herbicides. On top of these efforts, this year, he has focused on shade management, his farm is planted with chalum, grevillea and some fruit trees including lemon and peach. Los Duraznales actually means the peach patch, so the return of a handful of peach trees means Antonio’s farm is beginning to live up to its destiny.

Antonio is not alone in his push towards more ecologically-minded farm management. He is a member of ASIAST, a co-operative of smallholders focused on implementing environmentally sustainable farming methods in order to combat the effects of climate change, improve quality, and access final buyers. Our importing partner Shared Source was the very first importer to buy directly from the group.

Huehuetenango

Huehuetanenago is the highest and most dry of the non-volcanic growing regions in Guetamala. The region is blessed with hot winds that are blown up from the Tehuantepec plains, protecting coffee plantings from frost. In turn, this allows coffee in Huehuetenango to be grown at very high altitudes of up to 2,000 masl where coffee cherries can develop slowly.

Caturra & Bourbon

Bourbon takes its name from Bourbon Island (now La Réunion), where it was introduced by French missionaries who had taken a few coffee seeds from Yemen in the 1700's. Along with Typica, Bourbon accounts for the basis of most of the world's coffee production today which is made up of Bourbon and Typica descendant varieties. Bourbon is known for its high-quality potential, susceptibility to disease and relatively low yields.

A natural mutation of Bourbon, originally discovered in Brazil in the early 20th century; Caturra derives its name from the Guarani word for “small,” a reference to its diminutive stature that results from a single-gene mutation causing dwarfism.

It was this small size- allowing for more trees to be planted closer together- that led to mass selections of Caturra being made by the Instituto Agronomico (IAC) of Sao Paulo State in Campinas in the 1930’s. Caturra then made its way to Guatemala during the 1940’s and then was widely adopted in the 1970’s by the rest of Central America, where it is now one of the most economically important varieties.

At high altitudes Caturra has strong quality and yield potential but unfortunately, is quite susceptible to disease.

Washed

Antonio's coffee is processed using traditional tank fermentations- first de-pulping, then allowing the coffee to ferment with a small layer of fresh water on top, changing the water every twelve hours, and fully washing when the coffee is ready (he knows when it’s ready based on the way the hard parchment sounds when rubbed together). For slow and even drying, he dries parchment in slightly thicker piles that are raked and rotated regularly, to keep it protected from the harsh sun.

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